251.

### GLS Shackle (Weight of the Evidence, W, = 0) Against JM Keynes (Weight of the Evidence is 0 ≤ W ≤ 1)

Number of pages: 20
Posted: 15 Jun 2017
Last Revised: 17 Jun 2017

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

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25

252.

### J M Keynes's IS-LP(LM) Model Is the Central Message of the General Theory.the IS-LP(LM) Model Is Built and Rests on a Foundation of the Theory of Effective Demand's D-Z Model of Chapters 3,20 and 21 and Keynes's a Treatise on Probability's Concept of 'the Weight of the Evidence'

Number of pages: 38
Posted: 20 Oct 2017

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
25

253.

### On J. M. Keynes’s Application of His IS-LM (LP) Model in His Reply to Viner in His Article the General Theory of Employment in February, 1937: Keynes Emphasized the Horizontal, Completely Elastic Range of the LM (LP) Curve

Number of pages: 18
Posted: 29 Jan 2019

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

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25

254.

### On Keynes's a Treatise on Probability and General Theory: Why the Basic, Essential Foundations for Both Works Were Not Understood by Economists and Philosophers

Number of pages: 27
Posted: 05 Feb 2018

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
25

255.

### Patronage and Politics in the USSR: Book Review

*Sociology, 27 (3), Aug. 1993, p.541.*

Number of pages: 2
Posted: 23 Oct 2013

Accepted Paper Series

Business Clusters, Networks and Economic Development

Downloads
25

256.

### Professor Homero Cuevas, About Marx and the Classics

*Cuadernos de Economía, Vol. 32, No. 59, pp. 23-42, 2013.*

Number of pages: 20
Posted: 15 Jun 2013

Accepted Paper Series

Universidad de los Andes, Colombia

Downloads
25

257.

### Russian Political Economy from Utopia to Social Engineering

*Œconomia – History | Methodology | Philosophy, 4(1) : 5-15*

Number of pages: 13
Posted: 25 Feb 2021
Last Revised: 23 Mar 2021

Accepted Paper Series

ESSCA School of Management and

*affiliation not provided to SSRN*
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25

258.

### The Formal, Normative Theories of Savage, De Finetti, and Savage and De Finetti Require Additivity. They Never Introduced Sub or Non Additivity (Interval Valued Probability, Imprecise Probability, Indeterminate Probability) into Their Formal, Normative Theories of Subjective Probability or of Maximizing Subjective Expected Utility

*Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields, Volume VIII, No. 2, Winter 2017, pp. 137-144*

Number of pages: 27
Posted: 19 Jul 2017
Last Revised: 10 Dec 2017

Accepted Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

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25

259.

### The University of Chicago’s Economics Department Approach Is Based on the Philosophy of Jeremy Bentham’s Rational Utility Maximizer: It Has Nothing to Do with the Virtue Ethics Approach to Self Interest of Adam Smith in the Theory of Moral Sentiments or the Wealth of Nations

Number of pages: 42
Posted: 30 Dec 2019
Last Revised: 31 Dec 2019

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

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25

260.

### The Virtues of Prudence and Self-Command, not Jeremy Bentham’s Max U or the Invisible Hand of the Market, are Adam Smith’s Foundation for the Wealth of Nations

Number of pages: 18
Posted: 21 Aug 2019
Last Revised: 02 Nov 2019

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
25

261.

### Comparing Augustine and Confucius on their Smithian Type 'The Poor Man's Son' Analysis in the Theory of Moral Sentiments: They Are Very Close

Number of pages: 17
Posted: 17 May 2019

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills and Independent

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24

262.

### Confusing Keynes's Theory of the Rate of Interest in the General Theory with Keynes's IS-LM (LP) Model: There is No IS-LM (LP) Model in Chapter 18 of the General Theory Because Keynes Put His IS-LM (LP) Model in Chapters 15 and 21 of the General Theory

Number of pages: 23
Posted: 16 Nov 2017

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

There are 2 versions of this paper

### Confusing Keynes's Theory of the Rate of Interest in the General Theory with Keynes's IS-LM (LP) Model: There is No IS-LM (LP) Model in Chapter 18 of the General Theory Because Keynes Put His IS-LM (LP) Model in Chapters 15 and 21 of the General Theory

Number of pages: 23
Posted: 16 Nov 2017

Downloads
24

### Confusing Keynes's Theory of the Rate of Interest in the General Theory with Keynes's IS-LM(LP) Model: There Is No IS-LM (LP) Model in Chapter 18 of the General Theory Because Keynes Put His IS-LM(LP) Model in Chapters 15 and 21 of the General Theory

Number of pages: 23
Posted: 16 Nov 2017

Downloads
13

Downloads
24

263.

### J M Keynes, 'The State of the News (The Change in the Weight of the Evidence)' and the Weight of the Evidence: From Keynes's December, 1933 Student Lectures to Chapter 12 of the General Theory in February, 1936

Number of pages: 25
Posted: 06 Sep 2017
Last Revised: 30 Dec 2017

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
24

264.

### J M Keynes’s IS-LM Model in Chapter 21 in Part IV of the General Theory on Pages 298–299: Some Examples of Cognitive Dissonance Among Economists Attempting to Deal With Keynes’s Innovation in 1936 in 2018–2019

Number of pages: 32
Posted: 09 Mar 2020
Last Revised: 29 Jun 2020

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
24

265.

### J. M. Keynes Made It Clear in His Correspondence to J. Robinson between September 8th to November 9th, 1936 that She Was Completely Ignorant of His Liquidity Preference Theory of the Rate of Interest: It Is Simply Impossible that Joan Robinson Was “…One of J.m. Keynes’ Most Brilliant Students, Who Helped Him Draft the Original of His General Theory.”

Number of pages: 28
Posted: 13 Oct 2020

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
24

266.

### J. M. Keynes, Not J. Hicks or J. Meade or R. Harrod,Was the One Responsible for R. Skidelsky's 'Mathematicisation' of the General Theory: The Role of Joan Robinson in Misleading the Economics Profession

Number of pages: 33
Posted: 18 Oct 2017
Last Revised: 19 Oct 2017

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
24

267.

### Liquidity Preference is the Second (Missing) Factor in Keynes's Chapter 13 'The General Theory of the Rate of Interest'. The First Factor Was the MEC Schedule for Investment Combined with Consumption Out of Income, Which Determined Savings

Number of pages: 44
Posted: 23 Oct 2017

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
24

268.

### Viewing the General Theory as a Synthesis: Keynes's Unique, Theoretical Contributions in the General Theory are All Based on His A Treatise on Probability Approach to Expectations (Interval Valued Probabilities) and Confidence (Weight of the Evidence)

Number of pages: 31
Posted: 23 Jun 2017
Last Revised: 06 Jul 2017

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
24

269.

### Comparing Orthodox (N. G. Mankiw) and Heterodox (M. Zafirovski) Economist Views of Adam Smith, the Invisible Hand of the Market, and Laissez Faire: Both Views Completely Overlook the Very Severe Detrimental Impacts on the Macro Economy Created by Smith’s Upper Income Class Prodigals, Imprudent Risk Takers, and Projectors

Number of pages: 22
Posted: 19 Mar 2020

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
23

270.

### El testimonio de Miclujo-Maclay y la expedición rusa de la Corbeta Vityat: la esclavitud y migración forzada a los Rapanui de 1871 por Jhon Brander desde Tahití y su empleado Doutro-Bornier (rey pirata de Isla de Pascua)

Number of pages: 35
Posted: 18 Feb 2021
Last Revised: 25 Oct 2021

Working Paper Series

Facultad de Ciencias Naturales e Instituto Miguel Lillo and Independent

Downloads
23

271.

### On Weckstein's 1959, Keynesian, Weight of the Evidence – Based Demolition of G L S Shackle's Attack on the Concept of Probability

Number of pages: 32
Posted: 02 Jun 2017
Last Revised: 11 Jun 2017

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
23

272.

### Thomas Aquinas (A.K.A. the Medieval Church, Canonists, Scholastics, and Schoolmen) and J M Keynes on the Necessity of Excluding Smith’s Projectors, Imprudent Risk Takers, and Prodigals From Receiving Any Bank Loans

Number of pages: 18
Posted: 22 Mar 2018

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
23

273.

### Apuntes sobre el rublo: la occidentalización de la moneda (Notes about Rublo: The Westernization of the Currency)

*tiempo&economía, 6(2), 11-35 Doi: 10.21789/24222704.1500 (2019)*

Number of pages: 25
Posted: 27 Oct 2019

Accepted Paper Series

Corporación Universitaria Minuto de Dios (UNIMINUTO)

Downloads
22

274.

### J M Keynes's Main Argument in the General Theory Is Not Expressed in Terms of His Aggregate Demand (D) and Aggregate Supply (Z) Model. Keynes's D-Z Analysis Supports a Specific Y=C plus I, Marginal Propensity to Consume, Income Expenditure, Investment Multiplier Result (I=S) that Keynes Combined with His Liquidity Preference Function (L=M) to Determine the Rate of Interest in His IS-LP (LM) Model

Number of pages: 30
Posted: 07 Nov 2017
Last Revised: 30 Dec 2017

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

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22

275.

### J. M. Keynes's Analysis of the Vertical, Horizontal and Normal Ranges of the LM Curve (Liquidity Preference Function) on Pages 207-208 in Chapter 15 of the General Theory

Number of pages: 32
Posted: 07 Jun 2018

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
22

276.

### J. Muth’s 1961, Econometrica Article Conception of Probability Was Inconsistent and Incoherent: There Is No Such Thing as a Hybrid Subjective-Objective Theory of Probability

Number of pages: 19
Posted: 15 Oct 2018

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
22

277.

### J.M. Keynes’s Criticisms, on Pages 275–276 and 297–298 of the General Theory, of the Marshallian, Neoclassical, Mathematical Approach to Partial Equilibrium (Ceteris Paribus) Analysis, Where Functions Have Only One Independent Variable Only: Keynes’s Application of Systems of Simultaneous Equations in the General Theory in Chapter 15 and the Appendix to Chapter 19 Was Keynes’s Breakthrough in Macroeconomics

Number of pages: 26
Posted: 11 Jul 2018
Last Revised: 05 Nov 2019

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
22

278.

### On J M Keynes's Total and Complete Rejection of the Marshallian, Partial Equilibrium Approach to Macroeconomics in the General Theory in 1936: Keynes's Critique of Pigou's Marshallian, Partial Equilibrium Approach to Macroeconomics in the Theory of Unemployment (1933) Is Contained in the Appendix to Chapter 19 of the General Theory

Number of pages: 33
Posted: 25 Jul 2018

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
22

279.

### On J. M. Keynes's 1936 Suggestion of a Keynes-Neoclassical Synthesis to Harrod and Hicks: Why It Fell on Deaf Ears

Number of pages: 33
Posted: 11 Sep 2017
Last Revised: 10 Nov 2017

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
22

280.

### On Paul Davidson’s Critique of Rational Expectations: Aiming at the Wrong Target Using the Wrong Theoretical Construct for the Wrong Reasons

Number of pages: 19
Posted: 19 Jan 2019

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
22

281.

### On Some Possible Explanations for the Continuing Denial of the Existence of Keynes’s IS-LM Model in Section 4 of Chapter 21 of the General Theory: Propaganda (from Joan Robinson), Ignorance (of the Keynes-Harrod Correspondence in Volume 13 Of the CWJMK in Late 1935), Anchoring (on Keynes’s Mention of Robinson’s Name in the Preface to the General Theory), Groupthink, and Cognitive Dissonance

Number of pages: 39
Posted: 02 Feb 2020

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
22

282.

### Smith's Virtue of Prudence Has Nothing to Do with Bentham's Dictum About Maximizing One's Utility (Money)

Number of pages: 23
Posted: 03 Jan 2018

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
22

283.

### The Holocaust II – Civil Laws Undermining Criminal Justice System

Number of pages: 27
Posted: 15 Mar 2012
Last Revised: 27 Apr 2016

Working Paper Series

IndependentSaint Leo University

Downloads
22

284.

### The Keynes–Hawtrey Exchanges of February and March, 1936 in Volume 14 of the CWJMK: Keynes's Theory was NOT that the Supply and Demand for Money Alone Determined the Rate of Interest

Number of pages: 27
Posted: 12 Feb 2018

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
22

285.

### Caught Between the Gang Wars of Cold War Economics

Number of pages: 11
Posted: 26 Aug 2013

Working Paper Series

IndependentSaint Leo University

Downloads
21

286.

### Harrod, Keynes and the Missing Equation (Liquidity Preference Equation) from the Neoclassical Theory of the Rate of Interest: '…Has to Be Determined by Some New Equation Not Provided for in the Classical System. Thus the Way is Clear for a Radical Reconstruction. Your New Equation is the Liquidity Preference Schedule…'. (Harrod, 1973, CWJMK, Vol. 13, p.556).

Number of pages: 24
Posted: 18 Aug 2018
Last Revised: 06 Sep 2021

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
21

287.

### J. M Keynes Was Never a ‘Chapter 12’ Keynesian: The Claim That He Was a ‘Chapter 12’ Keynesian Was Manufactured by Joan Robinson and G. L. S. Shackle After His Death by Changing Keynes’s Definition of Uncertainty to Radical Uncertainty

Number of pages: 48
Posted: 15 Nov 2019

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
21

288.

### J. M. Keynes on the Neoclassical Theory of the Firm: Keynes Came to Finish the Job, Not to Destroy It, As Attempted by Joan Robinson

Number of pages: 34
Posted: 29 Mar 2018

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
21

289.

### On Alan Greenspan's Successful Incorporation of the ‘Keynes–Knight’ Approach to Uncertainty and Risk into Monetary Policy

Number of pages: 14
Posted: 31 Jul 2018
Last Revised: 20 Aug 2018

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
21

290.

### On Smith's Rejection of Laissez Faire '…And the Magical Working of Markets Guided by the Invisible Hand …': The 'Malign' Impact of Projectors, Prodigals and Imprudent Risk Takers on the Sober People in the Macro Economy

Number of pages: 26
Posted: 02 Jul 2018

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
21

291.

### One Millennium Great Man and Three Millennium Narrow Atomism: A Case Study on the Influence of the View of Natural Science to the Social Political Movements

Number of pages: 32
Posted: 11 Apr 2016

Working Paper Series

Nankai University,Collaborative Innovation Center for China Economy, Nankai University - School of Economics and Nankai University - School of Economics

Downloads
21

292.

### A Simplified, Graphical Exposition of Keynes's Argument on Pages 179-181 of the General Theory About the Equation Missing from the Neoclassical Theory of the Rate of Interest

Number of pages: 26
Posted: 04 Mar 2018

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
20

293.

### Bernanke's 'The Great Moderation' (1985–2004): Was It Due to Greater, Theoretical, Mathematical Macro Knowledge and Understanding, or Was It Due to the Great Greenspan?

Number of pages: 21
Posted: 12 Jul 2018

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
20

294.

### Hansen's Mistaken View on Keynes's Creation of the IS-LM Model: Where Hansen Went Wrong

Number of pages: 24
Posted: 26 Feb 2018

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
20

295.

### On J M Keynes's Original Contributions to Decision Making Under Uncertainty: Indeterminate, Interval Valued Probabilities in Part II of the a Treatise on Probability and Imprecise, Interval Valued Probabilities in Part V of the a Treatise on Probability

Number of pages: 29
Posted: 15 Nov 2017
Last Revised: 17 Nov 2017

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
20

296.

### On Keynes's Description of the Elasticity of His LP (LM) Curve on page 207 of the General Theory ('The Most Striking Examples of a Complete Breakdown of Stability in the Rate of Interest, Due to the Liquidity Function Flattening Out in One Direction or the Other, Have Occurred in Very Abnormal Circumstances.'): Why It was Overlooked for 82 Years by Economists

Number of pages: 42
Posted: 21 May 2018

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
20

297.

### Rational Expectations Has No Foundation in Any Coherent, Existing Theory of Probability

Number of pages: 20
Posted: 23 Oct 2018

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
20

298.

### The Demand and Supply for Money [M=L(r) ] is not the Demand and Supply for Liquidity[M=M1plus M2=L1(Y) plus L2(r) {=L}

Number of pages: 40
Posted: 26 Dec 2018
Last Revised: 11 Feb 2021

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
20

299.

### The Fundamental, Macroeconomic Problem Is Not Uncertainty, Which Knight Stated Can Be Dealt With by ‘Estimates’ and Which Keynes Dealt With by ‘Interval Valued Probability’ and ‘Conventional Coefficients’: It Is the Continued Presence of Adam Smith’s Upper Income Class ‘Prodigals, Imprudent Risk Takers, and Projectors’ (Keynes’s Rentiers and the ‘…Forces of Banking and Finance…’) and Their Negative Impacts on the Macro Economy Through the Creation of Speculative Bubbles That Is the Problem

Number of pages: 23
Posted: 06 Aug 2020

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

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20

300.

### There Was No IS-LM Enigma: Both Keynes’s IS-LM(LP) and D-Z Models of Chapters 20 and 21 Together Make Up Keynes’s General Theory

Number of pages: 20
Posted: 10 Jan 2019

Working Paper Series

California State University, Dominguez Hills

Downloads
20

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